Thursday, 23 February 2017

Machine tools machinability and calculations

Machining is achieved by knowing the machine parts, feed rates and the proper speeds based on the rigidity of the workpiece as well as cutting tool. Turning process works to remove material from the rotating workpiece surface and reducing its diameter for each spindle revolution or rpm, this operation could be taper turning, form turning, and contour turning, drilling, knurling, threading or boring.

Spindle speed is calculated as rpm= (CS*320)/D where rpm represents revolutions per minute of the cutter or workpiece, CS=cutting speed, D=diameter
Feed rate is the multiplication of calculated speed, number of teeth of the cutter and chip load(feed per tooth).
Feed per tooth=feed/(spindle speed*number of flutes)
Straight cut depth when cutting threads on the lathe=0.6134*pitch

Range of feed per revolution for roughing on a lathe machine:
Work material
High speed steel
carbide
Inches
millimetres
inches
millimetres
Mild steel
0.010-0.020
0.25-0.5
0.015-0.035
0.4-0.9
Tool steel
0.010-0.020
0.25-0.5
0.015-0.035
0.25-09
Cast iron
0.015-0.025
0.4-0.65
0.015-0.030
0.4-0.75
aluminum
0.015-0.030
0.4-0.75
0.015-0.035
0.4-0.9
brass
0.015-0.025
0.4-0.65
0.015-0.030
0.4-0.75

Other operations are:
About boring machining, cutting is performed inside the material either horizontal or vertical.
Milling machine allows work part to be fed past a rotating tool with edges.
Further, hacksaw machine is used for linear reciprocating motion while bandsaw helps with linear continuous motion.
Finishing improves the product appearance could be done with filing.
Knurling helps to form ridges increasing the diameter of the workpiece unto 0.030 inch and this process should be performed with high feed rate and at low spindle speed.
Grinding produces required sizes with fine finishing.

Durable and reliable metalworking machines as follows
Lathe Machine
Drilling Machine
Bandsaw Machine 



Friday, 10 February 2017

Basic comparison between Stainless steel and carbon steel metals

Stainless steel alloy with a base 10.5% chromium content by weight is an outstanding metal for its erosion resistance property, and it is broadly used for sustenance taking care of and cutlery among numerous different applications. Stainless steel does not promptly corrode, rust or stain with water as customary steel does. Notwithstanding, it is not completely stain proof in low-oxygen, high-saltiness, or poor air-flow situations. There are different evaluations and surface compositions of stainless steel to suit the environment the combination must persevere. Stainless steel is utilized where both the attributes of steel and consumption resistance are required.
Stainless steel contrasts from carbon steel by the measure of chromium substance. Carbon steel is made out of iron and carbon level shifts between 0.12 – 2.1%. The 300 arrangement of stainless steel evaluations is unaffected by any of the frail bases, for example, ammonium hydroxide, even in high concentrations and at high temperatures. High oxidation resistance in air at surrounding temperature is commonly accomplished with expansion of at least 13% (by mass) chromium, and up to 26% is used for harsh situations. Also, stainless steel is non-brittle and milder however carbon steel is fragile and in addition hard and wear-safe. Be that as it may subject to a destructive domain, stainless steel may really be the best choice with superior mechanical chemical composition of materials for some fields, for example, in structures, landmarks, car, and machinery and so on.
To conclude, the group of stainless steels incorporates materials that are hard and delicate, solid and powerless, adaptable and unbending, and cost focused and amazingly costly. So does the series of carbon steels. Rather, you have to opt for in the view of the individual plan criteria required by every area of its usage.

Wednesday, 1 February 2017

How to replace a Miter Saw Blade quickly with safety?

The substitution of the miter saw blade is an occasionally tool safeguarding process.In fact, it is a easy and effortless act only requiring a couple of tools as an Allen wrench, a screw driver, possibly a piece of scrap wood.  The change of the miter saw blade first involve a number of common safety measures. The saw needs to be turned off and unplugged the equipment from the socket. Before operating on any power tool, make sure that it is not viable for the tool to turn on. As it is always risky to secure a blade, just remain alerted on the job that needs to be finished.

miter saw blade
First, the blade guard has to be removed, so fully pull up the guard to achieve access to the screw holding the miter saw to the guard and unscrew it. Leave go of the screw to slide further backward the blade guard. Point it around 170 degrees at the back compared to its original position, revealing thus the blade bolt and spindle lock of the miter saw.  Press down the locking pin of the saw and rotate the blade till it is locked properly. Next remove the blade bolt with an Allen wrench to loosen it. In most cases, the blade bolt is turned clockwise, but that is not always the case. So, attempt to locate a sign on the tool for the accurate direction to lose the bolt or just test the saws with your finger in advance. Take away the flange and change the blade with the new blade. Change the flange along with the blade bolt, double checking that you have securely tightened the bolt with the allen wrench but not overly. Glide forward the blade guard and fasten the screw very well which keeps it to the miter saw equipment in place. Put back the guard to its usual position using a screwdriver and reengage the tool. Check the right working order of the miter saw by producing cuts to make sure the cutting as clean and even. It is quick and simple to replace a miter saw blade, but it should be done with care and by taking clearer safety instructions. It is significant to always have a well maintained and pointed blade as it is considerably improve your work grades along with your safety.
Some other popular saws include Power Hacksaw machine to cut plastic or hard metal like stainless steel with its fine teeth or blade held straight. Another general purpose machine is metal working bandsaw machine provide rigidity to cut precisely often used with miterboxes.

Wednesday, 25 January 2017

The Main Industrial Applications of Lathe Machine

The lathe machine is one of the most important parts in tool room equipment. A lathe machine basically revolves the work on its axis for executing a wide range of functions which includes cutting, drilling, deforming, facing, knurling, sanding, turning. This all rounder machine enables the user to produce same objects using wood, metal, plastic etc. over the period of time, developments in technology helped to introduce various types of lathe machines to meet the diverse needs of several industrial segments.

Today lathe machines are commonly used for wood turning, metal working, metal spinning, thermal spraying, and shaping machine components. The metal working lathes are widely utilized for producing a variety of solid metal products. The work piece is usually held tightly in place by either one or two centers that can be moved horizontally to fit materials of various metal products. The work piece is usually held tight in place by either one or two centers that can be moved horizontally to accommodate materials of various dimensions.

Heavy duty lathe machine is ideal for turning objects made from very hard materials. It is built using superior quality, sturdy and rust free materials and incorporates the most modern technology. These machines are low noise and highly precise lathe machines deliver flawless output. They are mainly utilized for top grade machining work, and large scale metal and wood working tasks in numerous industrial sectors such as mining, paper, power plant, and shipping.

The work piece can be rotated on the lathe machine is determined by the diameter of the work piece it will turn and the length of bed. Lathes that can be turn average sized objects, while large lathes are used for turning work pieces that have a large diameter. The popular lathe machines for industrial applications include all geared, light duty, medium duty, and heavy duty lathe machines. The light duty of lathe machines is particularly used for precisely shaping or deforming small objects. The highly versatile and long lasting equipment is commonly found in work-shops and tool rooms. The robust structure and high speeds.

Monday, 23 January 2017

Different Types of Lathe Machines

 
As we all know lathe machines are used for wood turning, metal-working, metal spinning, thermal spraying, parts reclamation and glass working. Lathes can be used to shape pottery, in best designing is known as potter wheel. Most suitable lathe working can also be used to produce most solids of revolution, plane surfaces and screw thread of helices. Other work holding methods include clamping the work about the axis of rotation using a chuck or collet or to a faceplate, using clamps or dogs. Mainly types of lathe machines include: - Speed lathes, Engine Lathes, Tool room lathes and Turret lathes.

Simple Lathes are designed simple. It contains a head-stock, tail stock and a very simple tool post. It can operate in 3-4 speeds. Its spindle speed is very high. It is used for light machine work like wood turning, metal spinning and metal polishing.

Engine lathes are the one of the common type of lathe machine. It is designed for low power operations as well as high power operations. Various lengths of machines are available. These machines can operate at a wide range of speed ratios.

Tool room lathes are versatile lathe machine. It can give better accuracy and finishing. It has a wider range of speeds and different types of feeds. It can be a great device to manufacture die.

Turret lathes are machines used for quick operations. It has various types of tool posts mounted on a single structure. As a number of tools are set up on a machine, the job can be completed very quickly with the single set-up. A capstan wheel is used to position on the next tool. A machining process can be done by using the turret lathe without moving the work-piece.

Friday, 15 April 2016

Land of the Machines_ Machine Dock

Machine Dock, manufacturers of largest scale of machines that come in operations to various users in and around the world boasts of its equipment being used for, with its technological advancements for better utilization of the machinery.
Machine Dock as one of the most popular and recognized producers in this sector, our machines come in compliance with the standards that have made our mark viewable to everyone with distinction. Our production land manufactures the following,

Lathe Machine, generally used for giving shape to items of metal, wood, or other materials, the cutter here cuts the metal around a horizontal axis to come up with the necessary size and shape. For maintaining the speed of the cutters, there are automatic controls as well as the manual ones that guide the material to be cut in precision.

Various Lathe Machines include the,
ü  Geared Lathe Machine, made of high end quality mechanisms, these machine make your machining work in an accurate and stable manner. With the state of the art technology, our machines cut metal aggressively with alternate controlling speed mechanism and is able to withstand high cutting forces. Its spindle, lead screws, tailstock, bed, carriage, tool posts provide the ultimate experience with greater force that take large cuts easily.
ü Heavy Duty Lathe Machine, required in the automobile and engineering fields. The alloy steel used in its built up provides the strength and hardness that helps its durability to stay longer. The parts are easily replaceable, also providing the safety aspect to its users. The spindles fitted on its nose help perform work in a speedy manner.

Then are the Grinder Machines, consisting of different wheels, powerfully driven, with a bed for keeping your material to easily make cuts on it.

Its types,
ü  Surface Grinder that is available in manual operation or automatic, where the material or the metal to be cut is moved ahead and forth the grinding wheel on the bed which has a permanent magnet for use with magnetic stock.

ü  Tool and Cutter Grinder, which performs the functions on woodworking pieces and too the metal ones with its elements, base, wheel, saddle and the table, eases the work on the work piece by the action of the grinding wheel. 

Presses, which are mostly applicable to metal thrusting and sheet metal fabrication processes, has its classifications,
ü  HydraulicPress, utilized when to press the metal sheet which are probably applied to the manufacturing of plastic parts that operate for a long distance and work at a constant speed.

ü  ShopPress, with great mechanical advantage performs the sheet cutting procedure in an enhanced way.

ü  PowerPress, a sheet metal machine, cuts bends, forms different variety of metal sheet in various shape and sizes. This press has a wheel stand, pressure gauge that is used for assembling and straightening out the tasks related to bicycle, automobile, electrical industries for assembling and de-assembling f various machine components.


Milling Machines, using rotary cutters for removing materials from a work piece grabs the material like standard cutters and work pieces with integrity that are capable to handle different work in a single setup.

ü  Vertical Milling, where the spindle axis is vertically oriented and the milling cutters are on the spindle that rotates on its axis. Also there are its sub categories, the bed mill and the turret mill.

ü  Universal Milling comes attached with items as the indexing fixture, rotary table, slotting and rack cutting attachments, and various special fixtures and permits the table to swing 45 degree in either direction for angular and helical milling operations.


Shaper Machines, widely used in many parts of the industries to surface the machines cut, cuts curves, angles and many other shapes. The movement of these machines is very simple that produces wide variety of work.

ü  Horizontal shaper, which cuts the tool using linear motion between the work piece and a single point cutting tool that, provides a linear tool path.

3 Jaw chuck holds the bits in power drills and are also common equipment found on the metalworking lathes. The 3 jaw chucks are commonly of the self centering variety, meaning the jaws are not independently adjustable.
While the 4 jaw chuck is assumed to have independently adjustable jaws, this is more versatile and used for long term applications. The gripping power is more on this jaw which performs heavy works with cuts more deathly.
Hacksaw Machine, used on materials of plastic and wood has various sets of Blades that are available in standardized length and comes in categories,
ü  Power Hacksaw, cutting materials like steel as when used with a normal hacksaw, power hacksaws perform the task with great ease, also the in-built coolant used on the blades helps to easily chop off the material, that without the coolant blades may be broken leaving the work incomplete.

ü  Hydraulic Hacksaw cuts round or square bars pipes and tubes. The cutting arm where the arm lifts out the work piece in the forward stroke prevents the damage to the blade. Also it has the Motorized Coolant System that allows smooth cutting operation. Its speed cutting feed helps speed according to the material.

Bandsaw Machine, that cuts wooden material with the metal saw which travels above the rim on the revolving wheel. The band saw includes elements of, frame, table saw guides, saw tensioning with others. It has 2 models, the vertical and the horizontal mainly used for cutting cuts in regular or irregular shapes.

Horizontal Bandsaw accurately and quickly cuts the work pieces by using the band saw's adjustable horizontal positions. Choosing from various speeds to cut everything from brass and aluminum to rugged alloy and tool steels, this bandsaw comes with a heavy duty stand having two wheels. Also the gravity feed cutting pressure adjustment is available in the horizontal position


Drilling Machine for drilling holes, where the work involves keeping the material on the table and then the drill is fed through the item to give the desired results. The speed of the rotary and the feed is the most important character of this machine.

Comes it Types,


ü  Bench Drill, drills the lighter materials and where the material is not directly held by the hand, also there is the foot pedal available for switching the machine off.



ü  Pillar Drill is the smaller and more portable drill which is moved to various surfaces. They feature a sliding column operated by a rotating handle. The functioning of the Pillar drills that they utilize a base plate on the floor and have their own working tables and so they do not require additional equipment to operate.
Still developing the machines with utmost efficiency, our service depends to cater and reach the areas where we could just not boast about ourselves but let the customers willingly speaking on our behalf.